The most recent statistics point to over 25,000 orthopedic surgeons practicing in the United States out of a total of four hundred thousand specialist physicians, representing recently over six percent of all specialists. An orthopedic surgeon diagnoses and treats musculoskeletal ailments affecting muscles, bones and joints. This profession has a ache history, yet how was the modern profession conceived?
Development of early modern procedures
The development of the orthopedic surgeon’s wealth of knowledge and procedures was developed over the last 300 years. From the beginnings of studying bone deformities in children with Nicholas Andre in the 1700s, much was learned and advanced the study of bones and muscles and their interaction. Including the advancement in medical machinery, training and techniques, modern orthopedic surgeons perform a wealth of medical and non-medical procedures that were developed mostly in the last century.
A late 19th and early 20th century physician and bone-setter were responsible for the modern orthopedic study in grownups and bone fracture techniques that survive to this day. Robert Jones, an Englishman and nephew to famed bone-setter Evan Thomas, allowed him a rara avis position. He intellectual bone setting yet was a new breed, with a doctoral degree and considered a medical physician. Their clinic was set up near the Manchester Ship Canal venture and he became physician to that project among over 20 thousand workers, during which he became great universal for his techniques. He was further bestowed with heading the British army’s orthopedic surgery tribe during World War I.
Today’s Orthopedic Surgeon
The current standards for orthopedic surgeons include one of the highest standards achievable in modern medicine. With four years undergraduate, four years medical doctorate et sequens a competitive five per annum orthopedic surgery residency, it is one of the most apprenticeship intensive professions in the world. A further 14% of all orthopedic surgeons complete more than individual residency. With such intensive training these specialized surgeons can complete a variety of simple and non-medical treatments for a full complement from bone, ligament, tendon, cartilage or muscle ailments.
This surgeon can be a generalist or can specialize in the following areas:
> Foot and ankle
> Joint Replacement
> Musculoskeletal Oncology
> Reconstructive Surgery
> Shoulder and elbows
> Sports Medicine
> Trauma and Fractures
Each of these specialties requires a separate residency in order to be practiced by the surgeon. Often times the surgeon also works in concert with other medical professionals, either guiding care or providing support. Neurosurgeons et cetera orthopedic surgeons often consult on the same cases that deal with spinal cord injuries therefore their fields of operation tend to overlap in these cases.
Modern orthopedic surgery cares for the following conditions: arthritis, bone tumors, cerebral palsy, club foot, knock knees, bow legs, bunions, hammertoes, dislocations, fractures, sprains, strains, muscle, ligament and tendon tears, osteoporosis, and spine disorders. These conditions can be cause besides genetic defects, sports or trauma injuries, or by disease.